French is the 3rd most frequently spoken of the Romance languages and is the 11th most spoken language in the world. It is a offical language of 25 countries around the globe, and there are French-speaking minorities in several other countries.


Worldwide 77 million people speak French as a native language, and another 50 million speak French as a second language. French is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.It descended from the spoken Latin language of the Roman Empire, as did languages such as Italian,Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Catalan and others. Its closest relatives are the other languages d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted.

French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone.

French is the second-most widespread language worldwide after English, as only these two languages are in official use on all continents. French is an official language in 29 countries, most of which form la francophonie (in French), the community of French-speaking countries. It is spoken as a first language in France, southern Belgium, western Switzerland, Monaco, the provinces of Quebec, New Brunswick and some parts of Ontario in Canada, parts of the U.S. states of Louisiana, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont, among educated classes in North Africa, Haiti, French Polynesia and by various communities elsewhere.

According to a survey of the European Commission, French is the fourth-most widely spoken mother tongue in the European Union. It is also the third-most widely understood language in the EU. As a result of French and Belgian colonialism from the 17th and 18th century onward, French was introduced to new territories in the Americas, Africa and Asia.

French has a long history as an international language of commerce, diplomacy, literature, and scientific standards and is an official language of many international organisations including the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, the WTO and the ICRC. In 2011, French was deemed by Bloomberg Businessweek to be one of the top three most useful languages for business, after English and Chinese.

Writing system


French is written with the 26 letters of the basic Latin script, with four diacritics appearing on vowels (circumflex accent, acute accent, grave accent, diaeresis) and the cedillaappearing in "ç". There are two ligatures, "œ" and "æ".


French spelling, like English spelling, tends to preserve obsolete pronunciation rules. This is mainly due to extreme phonetic changes since the Old French period, without a corresponding change in spelling (see Vocabulary below). Moreover, some conscious changes were made to restore Latin orthography:

    i) Old French doit > French doigt "finger" (Latin digitus)
    ii) Old French pie > French pied "foot" [Latin pes (stem: ped-)]

As a result, it can be difficult to predict the spelling of a word based on the sound. Final consonants are generally silent, except when the following word begins with a vowel.


French grammar shares several notable features with most other Romance languages, including

    i) the loss of Latin declensions
    ii) only two grammatical genders
    iii) the development of grammatical articles from Latin demonstratives
    iv) new tenses formed from auxiliaries

French declarative word order is subject–verb–object although a pronoun object precedes the verb. Some types of sentences allow for or require different word orders, in particular inversion of the subject and verb like "Parlez-vous français?" when asking a question rather than just "Vous parlez français?" Both questions mean the same thing; however, a rising inflection is always used on both of them whenever asking a question, especially on the second one. Specifically, the first translates into "Do you speak French?" while the second one is literally just "You speak French?" To avoid inversion while asking a question, 'Est-ce que' (literally 'is it that') may be placed in the beginning of the sentence. "Parlez-vous français?" may become "Est-ce que vous parlez français?"

Contact for further Details!